The government of the EE.UU allows now the importation cuttings of Dianthus spp. from Kenya without post-entry quarantine, subject to certain conditions. This decision has been made in response to a request from this country and after determining that the cuttings can be imported, under certain conditions, without resulting in the introduction into, or the dissemination within, the United States of a plant pest. The changes to the entry conditions will be applicable on April 5, 2021.

The importation of Dianthus spp. cuttings from Kenya without postentry quarantine is allowed, provided that the NPPO of Kenia (Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate) enters into an operational workplan with APHIS (USA Animal and plant health inspection service) on the following items.

· The cuttings are grown in a greenhouse that is registered with the NPPO of Kenya and that operates under an agreement with the NPPO.

· The NPPO maintains a list of registered growers and provides them to APHIS at least annually.

· The production site incorporates safeguards to prevent the entry of arthropod pests including, but not necessarily limited to, insect proof screening over openings and self-closing double or airlock-type doors.

· Blacklight traps are maintained for at least 1 year following construction of the production site, registration of the site, replacement of the covering of the production site, or discovery and repair to any rips or tears in the covering of the production site.

· Any rips or tears are repaired immediately.

· In the event of detection of quarantine pests in a production site, the site will not be allowed to export until appropriate control measures approved by the NPPO are taken and their effectiveness verified by APHIS.

· Plants destined for export to the United States are produced in a production site devoted solely to production of such plants.

· Parental stock from which the plants intended for importation derive are inspected and found free of the fungus Phialophora cinerescens, and indexed and found free of Carnation etched ring virus and Carnation necrotic fleck virus.

· At least once monthly for the 4 months prior to the cuttings’ export to the United States, the production site is visually inspected for Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leaf worm), Helicoverpa armigera (Old World bollworm), Agrotis segetum (turnip moth), Epichoristodes acerbella (carnation tortrix), Aspidiotus nerii (a scale), and Chrysodeixis chalcites (a moth), as well as Phialophora cinerescens, Carnation etched ring virus, and Carnation necrotic fleck virus.

· The production site maintains records regarding production, indexing, inspection, and pest management, and inspectors from the NPPO and APHIS have access to both the production site and these records.

· Cuttings are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate with an additional declaration that the plants were produced in a production site registered with the NPPO of Kenya, and that the plants were grown under conditions specified by APHIS to prevent infestation with Phialophora cinerescens, Carnation etched ring virus, Carnation necrotic fleck virus, Agrotis segetum, Epichoristodes acerbella, Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera littoralis, and Aspidiotus nerii.